In the time of its activity, Montevecchio mines could be considered as one of the most important industrial realities of all Sardinia. More than 5000 thousands people use to live in the Montevecchio village where the most important structure such as the hospital and the headquarters of the mines can still be visited.
Now only a few hundred people live in the village.
The mines were located in two different locations: the Cantieri di Levante, nearby the village and the Cantieri di Ponente on the gravel road that from Montevecchio leads to the Ingurtosu mines and to Piscinas.
The mines were particularly relevant for the extraction of zinc and lead, with a major vein known since ancient times.