Alghero is a town of about 44,000 inhabitants in the province of Sassari in northwestern of the island. Part of its population descends from Catalan conquerors from the end of the Middle Ages, when Sardinia was part of the Crown of Aragon.
That is why the Catalan language is co-official in the city, unique in Italy, taking the name of alguerès dialect.
The many historical dominances occurred in Alghero have created a rich variety of monuments, buildings and sights.
Several archaeological sites out of the urban area: the Anghelu Ruju necropolis, the Santu Pedru hill, the Villa Romana of Santa Imbenia or even the Purissima. Many nuraghi in some other points as Palmavera are also well preserved and open to visit.
The coral of Alghero, is known as among the finest in the Mediterranean and the world for the particular reputation of quantity, quality, compression and the ruby red color, much to remember one of the most important economic aspects of the territory, also called the Riviera del Corallo, and have in his coat of arms a branch of the precious red coral on a foundation of rock. For the particular combination of jewellery and goldsmith craft is also called red gold so much so that it is sold at the same price of the precious metal.
Another of Alghero features is its landscape. It has several beaches (such as Le Bombarde, il Lazzaretto, San Giovanni), bays and natural parks on the shoreline. Capo Caccia promontory and its lighthouse are landmarks.